A stroke can cause problems with communication if there is damage to the parts of the brain responsible for speech. It can also cause communication problems if muscles in the face, throat or tongue are affected.

A stroke can also affect how well the person can understand speech, can read or write. The range of communication problems stroke patients may have depend on where in the brain stroke happened and how large an area was damaged. There are three main conditions that affect communication skills after stroke – aphasia, dysarthria and dyspraxia. A stroke patient may experience one or combination of these.

The most common speech disorder due to stroke is aphasia. It affects the person’s ability to speak, to understand what’s said, as well as reading and writing skills. It can affect only one aspect of communication or several of them at the same time. While influencing communication, it doesn’t impact intelligence, although sometimes people think it does.

Heart failure and physical activity

If you have experienced heart attack, heart failure or have been diagnosed with cardiovascular disease, what now?
After receiving treatment, what can you do to improve cardiovascular health and physical fitness?
The answer to both questions is cardiac rehabilitation.
Cardiac rehabilitation employ a number of medical programs designed by physicians that help a patient recover from serious heart problems. These programs are specialized to meet the specific needs of the patient. An entire panel of professionals including doctors, nurses, dietitians, exercise therapists and physical therapists work to provide a safe recovery.

pregnancy and CVD

At one time, women that had heart disease (elevated blood pressure, heart defects from birth often noted by the presence of heart murmurs, irregular heartbeats, etc.) were advised not to get pregnant. This has changed because most women with heart disease can have successful, healthy pregnancies and healthy babies with some special guidance and planning.

Certainly, pregnant women with co-occurring heart/cardiac disease present special management issues but most of the issues can be overcome with proper medical care, diet, exercise, nutrition, and medication if prescribed by your doctor. Pregnancy is a stressful condition, sometimes emotionally for women and always it is always physically stressful. Your heart is called upon to provide nourishment for two so it needs to work significantly harder supplying blood to both you and your baby.

Heart failure and SexualityMost of the people who suffer from heart failure ask themselves at one point or another: “Is it safe for me to have sex?” As you might already know – the body may age, but the spirit stays young. Therefore, people in a more mature age group seek and desire love and companionship just as much as the younger generation.

Before we proceed, let us discuss the definition of chronic heart failure and its causes.

What are the causes of a chronic heart failure?

Chronic heart failure occurs when the heart is unable to keep the blood flow on a sufficient level to meet the body’s needs. It usually develops as a consequence of other cardiac problems which leave the heart too stiff or too weak to work efficiently. It may develop quickly as a result of a heart attack, or gradually as a result of ischemic heart disease or high blood pressure.


The dangers of smoking have been well-established since the 1950s. However, millions of individuals across the globe continue on with their daily addiction to cigarettes and other tobacco products. The chemicals involved in this unhealthy habit harm almost every organ in the body and contribute to millions of preventable deaths each year.

The nearly 4,000 chemicals present in cigarettes are especially damaging to the heart and blood vessels. The entire cardiovascular system is built upon efficiently functioning vessels, proper blood flow, and the powerful pumping of the heart. Unfortunately, smoking causes severe damage to all of these functions, which leads to heart failure and a variety of other cardiovascular diseases.

flu vaccine provoke a heart attack

Over the years, many studies have shown a tie between heart disease and influenza. In one 2003 study published in the New England Journal of Medicine, a study group with various types of heart issues that received the flu vaccine were 20 % less likely to die from heart problems in a hospital, and 50 % less likely to die in the year after the vaccination. The study results were remarkable but logical. The heart works harder if the body suffers of any kind of viral infection, including the flu, and heart sufferers, which had heart attacks or operations to forestall them, have weakened hearts.

The study analysts also discovered that the life extension rate is not connected only to avert the flu, but in their opinion, influenza vaccine could have auxiliary features that guard heart patients from suffering any heart related problems in the year after the vaccination. The study concluded that this finding does not mean that people who did not take the shot, and died from a heart disease, had influenza. (The shot was approved for heart patients, NOT the nasal spray)

Coronary heart disease (CHD)coronary-heart-disease is a disease in which plaque, through a process called atherosclerosis, accumulates inside the arteries that supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart. The plaque, over many years can slowly narrow the arteries supplying the heart or break off and travel from the diseased artery and completely block blood flow elsewhere. Another threatening scenario can occur when a blood clot forms at the site where the plaque breaks off the diseased artery. Similarly to plaque formation, the blood clot can narrow and completely obstruct blood flow as it increases in size.

Cardiac tissue is made up mostly of cardiac muscle. Smooth muscle, in addition to nervous, connective and endothelial tissue forms the vessels, valves and electrical conduction system supporting the overall function of cardiac muscle. The contracting and relaxing cardiac muscle is responsible for pumping blood throughout the body and has poor to no regenerative capacity once damaged.

white coat syndrome

Most of us feel quite uncomfortable when visiting a doctor’s office. The atmosphere is always strict, and, since childhood, you may remember nothing good ever comes from visiting doctors. They always push and prod until you wince with pain, as if they know where it’s going to hurt the most. So whenever you enter their office, you remember all those times that brought you pain, and even when they smile at you, it’s hard to relax completely.

For most people, this fear of doctors is nothing but a small discomfort. However, some individuals develop a so- called “White coat syndrome.” This syndrome stems from  childhood fear of doctors and can spell lots of trouble for you. “How?” – you might ask. Well, white coat syndrome is also known as white coat hypertension, meaning that, whenever a person sees a doctor in a white coat, or even enters a clinic, their blood pressure begins to rise.


Green tea: processing and bioactive compounds

Tea or Camellia sinensis is the most popular beverage in the world and is considered healthy due to the presence of antioxidants and other bioactive molecules with known benefits to the human body. Green tea is obtained when the harvested tea leaves are withered and heated either using steam (Japanese method) or by firing in a pan (Chinese method). This process halts oxidation of the leaves and helps in retaining the green color and delicate fresh aroma.

Interaction of bioactive compounds in the human body

Both, black and green tea contain small amounts of xanthine alkaloids as well as caffeine (1 -5%). Green tea also contains high amounts of phenolic substances or tannins (5 - 27%), which contain catechin (flavonol) and gallic acid, but the concentration of these compounds is higher in green teas when compared to black teas.

Obesity and heart

It cannot be stressed enough how important being slim is in order to have a healthy heart and to live a longer, more fulfilling life. In the past, the main cause of death was disease and starvation. Now the tables have turned and the main killer is the obesity.

healthy heart foods

What is troubling you could be more about what you shouldn’t eat, since you will receive little or no benefit from eating the foods mentioned on this list if you do not correct your diet first.

The list of foods that follow is aimed at people who already have a healthy diet but wish to know more about the most beneficial foods to choose. This list is especially recommended for people who participate in various active sports and weight lifting.

To learn more about Cardiology, we recommend the following websites: