depresijaaaHeart disease and depression are both very serious and common conditions. They affect millions of people worldwide, and sometimes occur simultaneously in the same person.  Such an occurrence makes many people question whether the two are related and question whether their condition can put them at risk of a heart attack. So, let’s find out!

People began speculating about the connection between depression and heart attack back in the 1980's. At that time, it was determined that there is a connection between the two conditions, but it is not a direct one. Depression is simply one of the contributing factors that may cause heart disease. Interestingly enough, the opposite can be said; a heart attack can cause depression. It can be better described as a two-way relationship. Depression can cause a heart attack in some people, just like a heart attack can cause depression in others. Whether or not this happens depends solely on the individual and how they learn to deal with their illness.

How can depression cause a heart attack?

The relationship between depression and heart disease is usually not a medical one. Most of the risks that depression creates involve changes in the person’s behavior rather than actual physical problems. Depressed people have a higher risk of having a heart attack because of the way depression causes them to act. Here are a few examples of how depression can cause a heart attack:

  • People with depression often lose the motivation to stay healthy and they begin to worry much less about caring for their health. Many depressed people lead unhealthy lifestyles and have bad habits, such as drinking excessive amounts of alcohol, smoking, avoiding exercise, and eating junk food. They use some of these unhealthy habits to feel better, and sometimes they just don’t care about the damage those bad habits are causing their body.
  • Depression creates a lot of stress which, in turn, can cause more plaque to form in the arteries. If that plaque is combined with the plaque that builds up due to the unhealthy food many depressed people consume, the arteries become clogged. Clogged arteries limit the amount of oxygen and nutrients that can get to the different organs, putting the heart at major risk.
  • Depressed people often lose the motivation to stay healthy. Those who are already sick with heart disease sometimes avoid taking their heart medication. This can put them in more danger for a heart attack.
  • Many people suffering from depression notice some changes in their hormonal balance and nervous system. This puts them at risk of getting arrhythmia, a heart rhythm disorder that can later cause a heart attack.
  • Depression can also increase the production of fatty acids and free radicals. This can seriously damage the lining of the blood vessels.

How to avoid a heart attack if you have depression

Individuals who are suffering from depression have enough on their plates without having to worry about heart attacks. Fortunately, having depression does not necessarily mean that you will suffer from a heart attack – it all depends on the person’s attitude. A positive outlook, attitude, and motivation can do a lot to decrease one’s chances of developing heart disease. People suffering with depression need to concentrate on the importance of having a good attitude and a positive outlook towards the future. They need to convince themselves to take their medications faithfully, exercise, limit smoking and alcohol consumption, and live a healthy lifestyle.

How can a heart attack cause depression?

Depression can be one of the things that causes a heart attack. However, the reverse can also be true. A heart attack can cause a person to feel depressed and lose their positive outlook on life. Unfortunately, older people are more likely to suffer from depression after they have had a heart attack. They are also the least likely to get proper treatment for depression.

Here are just a few examples of how a heart attack can impact a person’s mental state:

  • A heart attack can cause a person to lose their sense of certainty about the future. They are no longer sure about whether they will live as long as they had wished and be as healthy and successful as they had hoped to be. Thus, many people lose their aspirations, hopes, and dreams.
  • A heart attack is a big hit to a person’s overall attitude and mood. These people no longer feel the same everyday joy.
  • People who have had a heart attack often have less physical capabilities than they did prior to the attack. This causes them to feel embarrassed, uncomfortable, and lose confidence in themselves.
  • Their diminished physical capabilities make people who have had heart attacks less capable of fulfilling their previous roles. They can no longer be the same caring parents or productive employees. This causes people to lose confidence and feel depressed.
  • Many people who have suffered a heart attack keep worrying about the past. They feel guilty over some of the things they have done and the habits they have had that may have caused the heart attack. These feelings of guilt can be strong enough to keep a person feeling down in the dumps.

How to avoid depression if you have had a heart attack?

Once again, the key to staying healthy and happy is a positive outlook on life. Individuals who have had a heart attack need to stay positive and try to prevent their thoughts from lingering on the heart attack. They  need to try to stop worrying about their diminished physical capabilities, if they have any, and concentrate on what they are still able to do. They need to make plans and have dreams and live in the future and not the past. If this is difficult, there is another option. It is completely normal for people who have suffered a heart attack to seek psychiatric and medical help.


Depression and heart attacks are inter-related. Depression can cause a heart attack if the depressed person abandons a healthy lifestyle and stops caring about their health. Likewise, a heart attack can have such a negative impact on the person’s health, lifestyle, and abilities that they can become depressed. However, being sick with one of these conditions does not mean suffering from the other! A healthy lifestyle and a positive outlook on life can help avoid heart disease, depression, and thousands of other conditions!



thMountains have always been associated with the idea of strength, beauty and magnificence.  Many people consider mountains a symbol of the untouched Earth and nature, and a source of endless health. There is even a common belief that people who live in the mountains live healthier lives and have stronger hearts. In fact, countless individuals and whole families have relocated to live at higher altitudes. Many athletes also choose the mountains to build endurance and increase the effectiveness of their training. So, the big question is: are high altitudes beneficial or dangerous for the heart and the body? The answer is, as it always is, not very clear. Living at a high altitude has numerous benefits, but it also has its own dangers and risks.

breathing-exercisesEveryone knows how good morning exercises are for our body and health, but we know very little about the benefits of respiratory gymnastics (or breathing exercises). These types of exercises tends to be associated mostly with yoga practice. But in fact, such gymnastics is a kind of an aerobic training which has a number of advantages. People of different ages, having various health problems and fitness levels can practice it.

The positive effects of breathing exercises have long been proven by scientists. They can be recommended even to very weak and seriously ill people as a part of rehabilitation program. So what is respiratory gymnastics, and how can our body and particularly our heart and blood vessels benefit from it?

1337566213333 ORIGINALSex is an important part of most couple’s relationship and life. Therefore, it is not surprising that some people worry about whether it is possible to die from a heart attack during sex. In most cases, the people most concerned with this issue are those who are already suffering from heart disease and are at risk of having a heart attack. So, is it really possible to die from a heart attack during sex?

The answer is yes, it is possible, but it is not very likely.

Indeed, people have suffered heart attacks while they were having sex, but they have also suffered heart attacks while walking, watching TV, cleaning the house, and doing a multitude of activities. Heart attacks can happen at any minute of any day, and they are often completely unrelated to the activity one is doing. In fact, the majority of heart attacks occur during periods of rest and not during any physical exertion.

HYPERTENSIONMost likely you’ve heard about a condition called hypertension or high blood pressure. Nowadays, it is very common in a mature age group, and is so common that it has became the norm.  Many people regard it as a sign of aging since the majority of their friends and relative seem to suffer from it.

However, people should be aware of the fact that high blood pressure is a sign that your circulatory system is overloaded. This can be caused by a number of factors, most common of which are obesity and atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis makes the arteries stiff and then it is difficult for the heart to push the blood through. This causes the heart to work extra hard, causing the blood pressure to rise. Obesity, on the other hand, not only promotes the development of atherosclerosis, it also causes the visceral fat to compress the kidneys, making them produce renin (a hormone which raises blood pressure).

High blood pressure is a dangerous condition but it is very common for people to forget just how dangerous it really is.  Moreover, even if people notice that their blood pressure is elevated, they are most likely to just disregard it and continue as before. Taking such an approach can be very detrimental to your health since blood pressure is merely a symptom of an underlying condition. High blood pressure seems to be common and widespread, but when combined with atherosclerosis or obesity, these conditions can be very serious and life-threatening.

Dyslipidemia-jpegBlood tests are a great way to learn many things about the patient’s state of health and make a correct diagnosis and as early as possible. Fortunately, there are some tests for heart disease. They show whether the individual is at risk for cardiovascular disease, and exactly how high that risk is. The most common is the cholesterol test. This type of testing measures the amount of LDL, the blood cholesterol, in the blood. A high level of LDL means that there is a higher chance of atherosclerosis, which is the same as saying that there is a high risk of heart problems. Although all people with a high level of LDL are in danger of having a heart attack, not all people who experience heart attacks have a high level of LDL. This means that cholesterol testing only red-flags half of the cases where people are in danger.

Fortunately, there is another way to "catch" the people who are in danger of having heart problems. It has been determined that there is another indicator of heart disease besides an increased level of bad cholesterol, and that is inflammation. The good news is that it is very easy to discover inflammation through measuring the C-reactive protein (CRP).

positiveThere are a huge number of factors that determine and impact the heart's wellbeing. These include diet, physical activity, lifestyle, family history, and many others. Surprisingly, emotions are one of the factors that can greatly impact the health and functionality of the heart. It has long been known that there is a direct connection between negative emotions and heart problems. Numerous studies have shown how such emotions or depression can be a detriment to one's health. However, what about positive emotions? Do positive emotions have a positive impact on the health of the heart? Recent studies have shown that they do. Positive emotions benefit the health of the heart as well as the person's overall health.

iStock 000014627979SmallDespite all the advancements of modern medicine, the number of people affected by cardiovascular diseases in developed countries is on the rise. According to the analysis performed by the journal "The Lancet", the number of people affected by peripheral arterial disease has increased by 24% from 2000 to 2010. Estimates also show that the number of Americans with arrhythmias will double in the next 35 years.1 Moreover, this trend is also affecting younger people. According to the research performed at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, in 1994, only 13% of people between the ages of 20 to 54 had a stroke, while in 2005, that number grew to 19%.2

Chronic illnesses that are affecting the heart are also becoming more prevalent among children. A study released by the American Health Association in July 2013 found that, over 13-year period, the number of young children and teens developing hypertension rose by 27%.3

STREPTOCOCCUS-PNEUMONIAEBacterial pneumonia is an infection that affects one or both of the lungs. It creates an inflammation of the alveoli (the lung's air sacks) and causes them to fill up with cellular debris, pus, and fluid. This makes it more difficult for the body to turn oxygen into carbon dioxide. The most common symptoms of bacterial pneumonia are pain while breathing and breathlessness. Bacterial pneumonia can be mild or very serious. A severe case of bacterial pneumonia can even cause respiratory failure and death. Unfortunately, those are not the only risks and dangers that bacterial pneumonia creates. Recent studies have shown that bacterial pneumonia can do serious damage to the heart.

hereditary diseases to watcHeart disease is currently the world's leading cause of death. Heart disease is not just one condition but a combination of several different conditions that negatively impact the heart. Most heart diseases are referred to as cardiovascular diseases. These involve blocked or narrowed arteries that often lead to heart attacks or stroke. However, there are other heart conditions which are also be referred to as heart disease  and which negatively impact the heart - rhythm, myocardium, valves, and other parts of the heart. Heart disease is a very dangerous condition to have and live with. There's nothing surprising in the fact that people with heart disease worry about whether their heart condition is hereditary and could possibly be passed on to their children.


What is the driving force behind our lives? Certainly, exercise is one of the things that come to mind. Not only does it allow us to lose weight and stay fit, but it also has numerous other health benefits. Cardio exercises and weight training are two major groups of exercises, which develop your body in different ways. The main focus of weight training is building strength, building muscle mass and shedding a few calories in the process. Cardio on the other hand is the preferred method if you wish to lose weight and build your endurance. Both types of exercises are very important and should be used in conjunction. However, this article’s main focus will be cardio exercises.

So, what exactly is cardio?

Cardiovascular training, otherwise referred to as aerobic training, is exercise that raises one’s heart rate and improves blood circulation. Some of the most common forms of cardiovascular exercise are power walking, jogging, swimming, cycling, and many others.

To learn more about Cardiology, we recommend the following websites: