Complete Blood Count
Blood consists of a liquid part called plasma and cellular elements (erythrocytes, thrombocytes, leukocytes). The content and concentration of the cellular elements in blood changes depending on various physical and pathological conditions – dehydration, inflammation, bacterial or viral infections, hematopoietic system disorders, bleedings, intoxications etc.
Complete blood count implies the determination of the hemoglobin concentration, as well as corpuscular volume, concentration of erythrocytes, leukocytes, thrombocytes and erythrocytic indexes - mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean cell hemoglobin (MCH) and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC).
Biochemical Blood Test
This test helps to determine the risk of coronary heart disease, stroke, peripheral vascular disease, and administer treatment if necessary. Biochemical blood test helps detect increased level of cholesterol, triglycerides, unusually low density and low density lipoproteins, cardiac markers (creatine kinase, troponins, myoglobin and homocysteine), blood electrolytes (sodium, calcium, and potassium), blood glucose, iron, fibrinogen etc.
Comprehensive assessment of the lipid metabolism is the main indicator that reflects predisposition of the patient to coronary heart diseases, hypertension, and atherosclerosis. Also, increases in the atherogenic index may indicate steady progression of atherosclerosis and problems with heart.